Setting goals and planning for 10k marathons is is very important. But like any other skill it demands dedication, practice and persistence. If this is what your next goal in life is, then you must plan at least six months in advance of the race date. It is always a good idea to get some expert advice from a coach or a trainer who can give you some handy tips and guidelines as to what might or might not work in your case.
Different people have different kind of goals in mind when it comes to 10K marathons. Some only want to take part and have no desire to be a prize winner. There are some who want to take part and at least finish it in a certain amount of time and then there are some competitive souls whose eyes are on the big prize. So your exercise routine will depend on how competitive you are and what your personal goals in this regard are.
If you are already in the habit of running and exercising then it might not take you too long to get in good shape for the 10 K run. All you need to do would be to focus on the goal and gear all your energy towards it. You must start at least two months in advance of the race. However, if you have decided to run in any of the 10k marathons and are not in a good physical shape, your strategy will be a little different. You must plan early. At least a good four to six months prior to the event.
A good strategy to get ready for a 10K run is to plan to exercise perhaps for four days and then rest for the next three days. Another good plan might be to exercise for two days and then rest for the next one day and then repeat the same pattern. You must go slowly when it comes to increasing the level of your physical activity. If you go too fast, you could end up with an injury. So by the time you reach the eight week of your schedule you should have run a 10 K at least once. Sixth or seventh week is a good time to aim for this and then by the time the actual 10 K is about to happen you, at least, know how it might work and what it actually feels like to do it.
On the race day and even any other day, it is a must to be well hydrated. Exercise leads to sweating and hence loss of water. If you are not replenishing the water you sweat, your muscles will not work as well. Also, you must prepare yourself to run on different kind of terrains like uphill or downhill, etc. If you have been training on all kinds of terrain, you would be comfortable running on any prescribed route for the race as well. Another important point to consider is to be mentally prepared for the race. If in your mind you are determined to make 10k marathons work, it will come to pass, and you will be able to finish it in time.